Scams

/r/Scams Common Scam Master Post

Hello visitors and subscribers of r/scams! Here you will find a master list of common (and uncommon) scams that you may encounter online or in real life. Thank you to the many contributors who helped create this thread!

##**If you know of a scam that is not covered here, write a comment and it will be added to the next edition.**

Previous threads: https://reddit.com/r/Scams/search?q=common+scams+master+post&restrict_sr=on

**Blackmail email scam thread: https://www.reddit.com/r/Scams/comments/n00kg3/the_blackmail_email_scam_part_7/**

Some of these articles are from small, local publications and refer to the scam happening in a specific area. **Do not** think that this means that the scam won’t happen in your area.

#Spoofing

**[Caller ID spoofing](https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/spoofing-and-caller-id)**

It is very easy for anyone to make a phone call while having any number show up on the caller ID of the person receiving the phone call. Receiving a phone call from a certain number does not mean that the person/company who owns that number has actually called you.

**[Email spoofing](https://www.barracuda.com/glossary/email-spoofing)**

The “from” field of an email can be set by the sender, meaning that you can receive scam emails that look like they are from legitimate addresses. It’s important to never click links in emails unless absolutely necessary, for example a password reset link you requested or an account activation link for an account you created.

**[SMS spoofing](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMS_spoofing)**

SMS messages can be spoofed, so be wary of messages that seem to be from your friends or other trusted people.

#The most common scams

**[The fake check scam](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/0159-fake-checks)**
(Credit to /u/nimble2 for this part)

The fake check scam arises from many different situations (for instance, you applied for a job, or you are selling something on a place like Craigslist, or someone wants to purchase goods or services from your business, or you were offered a job as a mystery shopper, you were asked to wrap your car with an advertisement, or you received a check in the mail for no reason), but the bottom line is always something like this:

* The scammer sends you a very real looking, but fake, check. Sometimes they’ll call it a “cashier’s check”, a “certified check”, or a “verified check”.

* You deposit the check into your bank account, and within a couple of days your bank makes some or all of the funds available to you. This makes you think that the check is real and the funds have cleared. However, the money appearing in your account **is not** the same as the check actually clearing. The bank must make the funds available to you before they have cleared the check because that is the law.
* For various and often complicated reasons, depending on the specific story line of the scam, the scammer will ask you to send someone some of the money, using services like MoneyGram, Western Union, and Walmart-2-Walmart. Sometimes the scammer will ask for you to purchase gift cards (iTunes, Amazon, Steam, etc) and give them the codes to redeem the gift cards. Some scammers may also give you instructions on how to buy and send them bitcoins.

* Within a couple of weeks, though it can take as long as a month, your bank will realize that the check you deposited was fake, and your bank will remove the funds that you deposited into your account and charge you a bounced check fee. If you withdrew any of the money from the fake check, that money will be gone and you will owe that money to the bank. Some posters have even had their bank accounts closed and have been blocked from having another account for 5 years using ChexSystems.

**General fraudulent funds scams**
If somebody is asking you to accept and send out money as a favour or as part of a job, it is a fraudulent funds scam. It does not matter how they pay you, any payment on any service can be fraudulent and will be reversed when it is discovered to be fraudulent.

**[Phone verification code scams](https://computertutorflorida.com/2019/01/the-verification-code-scam/)**
Someone will ask you to receive a verification text and then tell you to give them the code. Usually the code will come from Google Voice, or from Craigslist. In the Google version of the scam, your phone number will be used to verify a Google Voice account that the scammer will use to scam people with. In the Craigslist version of the scam, your phone number will be used to verify a Craigslist posting that the scammer will use to scam people. There is also an account takeover version of this scam that will involve the scammer sending a password reset token to your phone number and asking you for it.

**Bitcoin job scams**

Bitcoin job scams involve some sort of fraudulent funds transfer, usually a fake check although a fraudulent bank transfer can be used as well. The scammer will send you the fraudulent money and ask you to purchase bitcoins. This is a scam, and you will have zero recourse after you send the scammer bitcoins.

**[Email flooding](https://krebsonsecurity.com/2012/07/cyberheist-smokescreen-email-phone-sms-floods/)**

If you suddenly receive hundreds or thousands of spam emails, usually subscription confirmations, it’s very likely that one of your online accounts has been taken over and is being used fraudulently. You should check any of your accounts that has a credit card linked to it, preferably from a computer other than the one you normally use. You should change all of your passwords to unique passwords and you should start using two factor authentication everywhere.

**[Cartel scam](https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2019/08/13/scam-brooklyn-bloody-pics-cartel/)**

You will be threatened by scammers who claim to be affiliated with a cartel. They may send you gory pictures and threaten your life and the lives of your family. Usually the victim will have attempted to contact an escort prior to the scam, but sometimes the scammers target people randomly. If you are targeted by a cartel scam all you need to do is ignore the scammers as their threats are clearly empty.

**[Boss/CEO scam](https://abc7chicago.com/finance/gift-card-scam-uses-bosses-email-addresses-when-phishing/4556080/)**
A scammer will impersonate your boss or someone who works at your company and will ask you to run an errand for them, which will usually be purchasing gift cards and sending them the code. Once the scammer has the code, you have no recourse.

**Employment certification scams**

You will receive a job offer that is dependent on you completing a course or receiving a certification from a company the scammer tells you about. The scammer operates both websites and the job does not exist.

**Craigslist fake payment scams**

Scammers will ask you about your item that you have listed for sale on a site like Craigslist, and will ask to pay you via Paypal. They are scamming you, and the payment in most cases does not actually exist, the email you received was sent by the scammers. In cases where you have received a payment, the scammer can dispute the payment or the payment may be entirely fraudulent. The scammer will then either try to get you to send money to them using the fake funds that they did not send to you, or will ask you to ship the item, usually to a re-shipping facility or a parcel mule.

**[Craigslist Carfax/vehicle history scam](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/blog/2018/10/steering-clear-vehicle-history-report-scams)**

You’ll encounter a scammer on Craigslist who wants to buy the vehicle you have listed, but they will ask for a VIN report from a random site that they have created and they will expect you to pay for it.

**[Double dip/recovery scammers](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/0102-refund-and-recovery-scams)**

This is a scam aimed at people who have already fallen for a scam previously. Scammers will reach out to the victim and claim to be able to help the victim recover funds they lost in the scam.

**General fraudulent funds scams**
The fake check scam is not the only scam that involves accepting fraudulent/fake funds and purchasing items for scammers. If your job or opportunity involves accepting money and then using that money, it is almost certainly a frauduent funds scam. Even if the payment is through a bank transfer, Paypal, Venmo, Zelle, Interac e-Transfer, etc, it does not matter.

**[Credit card debt scam](http://www.wndu.com/home/headlines/New-scam-offers-to-pay-off-credit-card-debt-276992911.html)**

Fraudsters will offer to pay off your bills, and will do so with fraudulent funds. Sometimes it will be your credit card bill, but it can be any bill that can be paid online. Once they pay it off, they will ask you to send them money or purchase items for them. The fraudulent transaction will be reversed in the future and you will never be able to keep the money. This scam happens on sites like Craigslist, Twitter, Instagram, and also some dating sites, including SeekingArrangement.

**[The parcel mule scam](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parcel_mule_scam)**

A scammer will contact you with a job opportunity that involves accepting and reshipping packages. The packages are either stolen or fraudulently obtained items, and you will not be paid by the scammer. [Here](http://abc7chicago.com/mans-identity-stolen-during-work-from-home-job-scam/3337661/) is a news article about a scam victim who fell for this scam and reshipped over 20 packages containing fraudulently acquired goods.

**[The Skype sex scam](http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-37735369)**

You’re on Facebook and you get a friend request from a cute girl you’ve never met. She wants to start sexting and trading nudes. She’ll ask you to send pictures or videos or get on webcam where she can see you naked with your face in the picture.
The scam: There’s no girl. You’ve sent nudes to a guy pretending to be a girl. As soon as he has the pictures he’ll demand money and threaten to send the pictures to your friends and family. Sometimes the scammer will upload the video to a porn site or Youtube to show that they are serious.

What to do if you are a victim of this scam: You cannot buy silence, you can only rent it. Paying the blackmailer will show them that the information they have is valuable and they will come after you for more money. Let your friends and family know that you were scammed and tell them to ignore friend requests or messages from people they don’t know. Also, make sure your privacy settings are locked down and consider deactivating your account.

**[The underage girl scam](https://www.thedailybeast.com/prisoners-catfished-soldiers-from-behind-bars-posing-as-underage-girls-army-says)**

You’re on a dating site or app and you get contacted by a cute girl. She wants to start sexting and trading nudes. Eventually she stops communicating and you get a call from a pissed off guy claiming to be the girl’s father, or a police officer, or a private investigator, or something else along those lines. Turns out the girl you were sexting is underage, and her parents want some money for various reasons, such as to pay for a new phone, to pay for therapy, etc. There is, of course, no girl. You were communicating with a scammer.

What to do if you are a victim of this scam: Stop picking up the phone when the scammers call. Do not pay them, or they will be after you for more money.

**[Phishing](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phishing)**

Phishing is when a scammer tries to trick you into giving information to them, such as your password or private financial information. Phishing messages will usually look very similar to official messages, and sometimes they are identical. If you are ever required to login to a different account in order to use a service, you should be incredibly cautious.

The blackmail email scam part 5: https://old.reddit.com/r/Scams/comments/g8jqnr/the_blackmail_email_scam_part_5/

PSA: you did not win a giftcard: https://old.reddit.com/r/Scams/comments/fffmle/psa_you_did_not_win_a_gift_card/

**[Sugar scams](https://www.fraud.org/sugarbaby_alert)**

Sugar scammers operate all over the internet and usually come in two varieties: advance-fee scams where the scammer will ask for a payment from you before sending you lots of money, and fake check style scams where the scammer will either pull a classic fake check scam, or will do a “bill pay” style scam that involves them paying your bills, or them giving you banking information to pay your bills. If you encounter these scammers, report their accounts and move on.

**[Google Hangouts](https://medium.com/@HonourableHappy/warning-google-hangouts-a-hotbed-for-scams-fraud-54631305e363)**

Google Hangouts is a messaging platform used extensively by all kinds of scammers. If you are talking with someone online and they want you to switch to Hangouts, they are likely a scammer and you should proceed with caution.

**[Publishers Clearing House scams](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/blog/2018/04/publishers-clearing-house-imposters-keep-coming)**

PCH scams are often advance-fee scams, where you will be promised lots of money after you make an initial payment. [You will never need to pay if you win money from the real PCH.](https://info.pch.com/fraud-protection-2/)

**[Pet scams](https://www.bbb.org/article/investigations/14214-puppy-scams-how-fake-online-pet-sellers-steal-from-unsuspecting-pet-buyers-a-bbb-study)**

You are looking for a specific breed of puppy, bird, or other pet. You come across a nice-looking website that claims to be breeding them and has some available right now – they may even be on sale! The breeders are not local to your area (and may not even list a physical location) but they assure you they can safely ship the pet to you after a deposit or full payment. If you go through with the payment, you will likely be contacted by the “shipper” who will inform you about an unexpected shipping/customs/processing fee required to deliver your new pet. But there was never any pet, both the “breeder” and the “shipper” are scammers, typically operating out of Africa. These sites are rampant and account for a large percentage of online pet seller websites – they typically have a similar layout/template (screenshot – example)

If you are considering buying a pet online, some easy things to check are: (1) The registration date of the domain (if it was created recently it is likely a scam website) (2) Reverse image search the pictures of available pets – you will usually find other scam websites using the same photos. (3) Copy a sentence/section of the text from the “about us” page and put it into google (in quotes) – these scammers often copy large parts of their website’s text from other places. (4) Search for the domain name and look for entries on petscams.com or other scam-tracking sites. (5) Strongly consider buying/adopting your pet from a local shelter or breeder where you can see the animal in person before putting any money down.

Thanks to /u/djscsi for this entry.

**Fake shipping company scams**

These scams usually start when you try to buy something illegal online, though not always. You will be scammed for the initial payment, and then you will receive an email from the fake shipping company telling you that you need to pay them some sort of fee or bribe. If you pay this, they will keep trying to scam you with increasingly absurd stories until you stop paying, at which point they will blackmail you. If you are involved in this scam, all you can do is ignore the scammers and move on, and try to dispute your payments if possible.

**[Chinese Upwork scam](https://community.upwork.com/t5/New-to-Upwork/People-are-asking-me-to-use-my-account/td-p/502692)**

Someone will ask you to create an Upwork or other freelancer site account for them and will offer money in return. You will not be paid, and they want to use the accounts to scam people.

**[Quickbooks invoice scam](https://i.imgur.com/QbPwQtq.jpg)**

This is a fake check style scam that takes advantage of Quickbooks.

**[The blackmail email scam](https://www.reddit.com/r/Scams/comments/9srjen/the_blackmail_email_scam_part_2/)**
The exact wording of the emails varies, but there are generally four main parts. They claim to have placed software/malware on a porn/adult video site, they claim to have a video of you masturbating or watching porn, they threaten to release the video to your friends/family/loved ones/boss/dog, and they demand that you pay them in order for them to delete the video. Rest assured that this is a very common spam campaign and there is no truth behind the email or the threats. [Here](http://www.smh.com.au/technology/gadgets-on-the-go/latest-online-scam-aims-to-prick-porn-watchers-guilty-conscience-20170815-gxwvxl.html) are [some](https://www.fraudhelpdesk.org/alerts/blackmail-email-watching-porn/) news [articles](https://www.bbb.org/denver/news-events/news-releases/2017/09/alert-pornography-email-phishing-scam/) about [this](http://blog.dynamoo.com/2017/10/bogus-porn-blackmail-attempt-from.html) scam.

**[The blackmail mail scam](https://krebsonsecurity.com/2018/01/bitcoin-blackmail-by-snail-mail-preys-on-those-with-guilty-conscience/)**

This is very similar to the blackmail email scam, but you will receive a letter in the mail.

**[Rental scams](https://www.cambridgema.gov/cpd/communityresources/CrimePrevention/craigslistscams.aspx)**
Usually on local sites like Craigslist, scammers will steal photos from legitimate real estate listings and will list them for rent at or below market rate. They will generally be hesitant to tell you the address of the property for “safety reasons” and you will not be able to see the unit. They will then ask you to pay them a deposit and they claim they will ship you the keys. In reality, your money is gone and you will have no recourse.

**[Craigslist vehicle scams](https://www.fraudguides.com/internet/craigslist/car-scams/)**
A scammer will list a vehicle on Craigslist and will offer to ship you the car. In many cases they will also falsely claim to sell you the car through eBay or Amazon. If you are looking for a car on Craigslist and the seller says anything about shipping the car, having an agent, gives you a long story about why they are selling the car, or the listing price is far too low, you are talking to a scammer and you should ignore and move on.

**[Advance-fee scam](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advance-fee_scam)**, also known as the 419 scam, or the Nigerian prince scam. You will receive a communication from someone who claims that you are entitled to a large sum of money, or you can help them obtain a large sum of money. However, they will need money from you before you receive the large sum.

**[Man in the middle scams](https://www.commerce.wa.gov.au/announcements/wa-organisations-lose-500000-man-middle-scams)**

Man in the middle scams are very common and very hard to detect. The scammer will impersonate a company or person you are legitimately doing business with, and they will ask you to send the money to one of their own bank accounts or one controlled by a money mule. They have gained access to the legitimate persons email address, so there will be nothing suspicious about the email. To prevent this, make contact in a different way that lets you verify that the person you are talking to is the person you think you are talking to.

[**Digit wallet scam**](https://www.bbb.org/article/news-releases/22128-scam-alert-this-venmo-scam-sends-you-money-by-accident)

A variation of the fake check scam, the scammer sends you money through a digital wallet (i.e. Venmo, Apple Pay, Zelle, Cash App) along with a message claiming they’ve sent the money to the wrong person and a request to send the money back. Customer service for these digital wallets may even suggest that you send the money back. However, the money sent is from a stolen credit card and will be removed from your account after a few days. Your transfer is not reversed since it came from your own funds.

**[Cam girl voting/viewer scam](https://mashable.com/2013/07/12/tinder-scam/)**

You will encounter a “cam girl” on a dating/messaging/social media/whatever site/app, and the scammer will ask you to go to their site and sign up with your credit card. They may offer a free show, or ask you to vote for them, or any number of other fake stories.

**[Amateur porn recruitment scam](https://www.reddit.com/r/Scams/comments/bjygwg/instagramtinder_scam/)**

You will encounter a “pornstar” on a dating/messaging/social media/whatever site/app, and the scammer will ask you to create an adult film with her/him, but first you need to do something. The story here is usually something to do with verifying your age, or you needing to take an STD test that involves sending money to a site operated by the scammer.

**Hot girl SMS spam**

You receive a text from a random number with a message along the lines of “Hey babe I’m here in town again if you wanted to meet up this time, are you around?” accompanied by a NSFW picture of a hot girl. It’s spam, and they’ll direct you to their scam website that requires a credit card.

**[Identity verification scam](https://theonlinedatingscams.com/age-or-date-verification-scam/)**

You will encounter someone on a dating/messaging/social media/whatever site/app, and the scammer will ask that you verify your identity as they are worried about catfishing. The scammer operates the site, and you are not talking to whoever you think you are talking to.

This type of scam teases you with something, then tries to make you sign up for something else that costs money. The company involved is often innocent, but they turn a blind eye to the practice as it helps their bottom line, even if they have to occasionally issue refunds. A common variation takes place on dating sites/dating apps, where you will match with someone who claims to be a camgirl who wants you to sign up for a site and vote for her. Another variation takes place on local sites like Craigslist, where the scammers setup fake rental scams and demand that you go through a specific service for a credit check. Once you go through with it, the scammer will stop talking to you. Another variation also takes place on local sites like Craigslist, where scammers will contact you while you are selling a car and will ask you to purchase a Carfax-like report from a specific website.

**[Multi Level Marketing or Affiliate Marketing](https://reddit.com/r/antimlm)**

You apply for a vague job listing for ‘sales’ on craigslist. Or maybe an old friend from high school adds you on Facebook and says they have an amazing business opportunity for you. Or maybe the well dressed guy who’s always interviewing people in the Starbucks that you work at asks if you really want to be slinging coffee the rest of your life.
The scam: MLMs are little more than pyramid schemes. They involve buying some sort of product (usually snake oil health products like body wraps or supplements) and shilling them to your friends and family. They claim that the really money is recruiting people underneath you who give you a slice of whatever they sell. And if those people underneath you recruit more people, you get a piece of their sales. Ideally if you big enough pyramid underneath you the money will roll in without any work on your part. Failure to see any profit will be your fault for not “wanting it enough.” The companies will claim that you need to buy their extra training modules or webinars to really start selling. But in reality, the vast majority of people who buy into a MLM won’t see a cent. At the end of the day all you’ll be doing is annoying your friends and family with your constant recruitment efforts.
What to look out for: Recruiters love to be vague. They won’t tell you the name of the company or what exactly the job will entail. They’ll pump you up with promises of “self-generating income”, “being your own boss”, and “owning your own company.” They might ask you to read books about success and entrepreneurs. They’re hoping you buy into the dream first.
If you get approached via social media, check their timelines. MLMs will often instruct their victims to pretend that they’ve already made it. They’ll constantly post about how they’re hustling and making the big bucks and linking to youtube videos about success. Again, all very vague about what their job actually entails.
If you think you’re being recruited: Ask them what exactly the job is. If they can’t answer its probably a MLM. Just walk away.

##**Phone scams**

You should generally avoid answering or engaging with random phone calls. Picking up and engaging with a scam call tells the scammers that your phone number is active, and will usually lead to more calls.

**Tax Call**

You get a call from somebody claiming to be from your countries tax agency. They say you have unpaid taxes that need to be paid immediately, and you may be arrested or have other legal action taken against you if it is not paid. This scam has caused the [American IRS](https://www.irs.gov/uac/newsroom/scam-phone-calls-continue-irs-identifies-five-easy-ways-to-spot-suspicious-calls), [Canadian CRA](http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/scrty/frdprvntn/menu-eng.html), [British HMRC](https://www.gov.uk/topic/dealing-with-hmrc/phishing-scams), and [Australian Tax Office](https://www.ato.gov.au/general/online-services/identity-security/verify-or-report-a-scam/) to issue warnings. This scam happens in a wide variety of countries all over the world.

**[Warrant Call](http://wqad.com/2017/02/03/scott-county-sheriff-arrest-warrant-phone-calls-are-scams/)**

Very similar to the tax call. You’ll get a phone call from an “agent”, “officer”, “sheriff”, or other law enforcement officer claiming that there is a warrant out for your arrest and you will be arrested very soon. They will then offer to settle everything for a fee, usually paid in giftcards.

**[Legal Documents/Process Server Calls]**

Very similar to the warrant call. You’ll get a phone call from a scammer claiming that they are going to serve you legal documents, and they will threaten you with legal consequences if you refuse to comply. They may call themselves “investigators”, and will sometimes give you a fake case number.

**[Student Loan Forgiveness Scam](https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/student-loan-forgiveness-scam/)**

Scammers will call you and tell you about a student loan forgiveness program, but they are interested in obtaining private information about you or demanding money in order to join the fake program.

**[Tech Support Call](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technical_support_scam)**
You receive a call from someone with a heavy accent claiming to be a technician Microsoft or your ISP. They inform you that your PC has a virus and your online banking and other accounts may be compromised if the virus is not removed. They’ll have you type in commands and view diagnostics on your PC which shows proof of the virus. Then they’ll have you install remote support software so the technician can work on your PC, remove the virus, and install security software. The cost of the labor and software can be hundreds of dollars.
The scam: There’s no virus. The technician isn’t a technician and does not work for Microsoft or your ISP. Scammers (primarily out of India) use autodialers to cold-call everyone in the US. Any file they point out to you or command they have you run is completely benign. The software they sell you is either freeware or ineffective.
What to do you if you’re involved with this scam: If the scammers are remotely on your computer as you read this, turn off your PC or laptop via the power button immediately, and then if possible unplug your internet connection. Some of the more vindictive tech scammers have been known to create boot passwords on your computer if they think you’ve become wise to them and aren’t going to pay up. Hang up on the scammers, block the number, and ignore any threats about payment. Performing a system restore on your PC is usually all that is required to remove the scammer’s common remote access software. Reports of identity theft from fake tech calls are uncommon, but it would still be a good idea to change your passwords for online banking and monitor your accounts for any possible fraud.
How to avoid: Ignore any calls claiming that your PC has a virus. Microsoft will never contact you. If you’re unsure if a call claiming to be from your ISP is legit, hang up, and then dial the customer support number listed on a recent bill. If you have elderly relatives or family that isn’t tech savvy, take the time to fill them in on this scam.

**[Chinese government scam](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/blog/2018/04/scammers-impersonate-chinese-consulate)**

This scam is aimed at Chinese people living in Europe and North America, and involves a voicemail from someone claiming to be associated with the Chinese government, usually through the Chinese consulate/embassy, who is threatening legal action or making general threats.

**[Chinese shipping scam](https://www.ic3.gov/media/2019/190328.aspx)**

This scam is similar to the Chinese government scam, but involves a seized/suspicious package, and the scammers will connect the victim to other scammers posing as Chinese government investigators.

**[Social security suspension scam](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/blog/2018/09/your-social-security-number-isnt-suspended-ever)**

You will receive a call from someone claiming to work for the government regarding suspicious activity, fraud, or serious crimes connected to your social security number. You’ll be asked to speak to an operator and the operator will explain the steps you need to follow in order to fix the problems. It’s all a scam, and will lead to you losing money and could lead to identity theft if you give them private financial information.

**Utilities cutoff**

You get a call from someone who claims that they are from your utility company, and they claim that your utilities will be shut off unless you immediately pay. The scammer will usually ask for payment via gift cards, although they may ask for payment in other ways, such as Western Union or bitcoin.

**[Relative in custody](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/0204-family-emergency-scams)**
Scammer claims to be the police, and they have your son/daughter/nephew/estranged twin in custody. You need to post bail (for some reason in iTunes gift cards or MoneyGram) immediately or the *consequences will never be the same*.

**[Mexican family scam](https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/blog/2018/07/scammers-create-fake-emergencies-get-your-money)**

This scam comes in many different flavours, but always involves someone in your family and Mexico. Sometimes the scammer will claim that your family member has been detained, sometimes the scammer will claim that your family member has been kidnapped, and sometimes the scammer will claim that your family member is injured and needs help.

**General family scams**

Scammers will gather a large amount of information about you and target your family members using different stories with the goal of gettimg them to send money.

**[One ring scam](https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/one-ring-phone-scam)**

Scammers will call you from an international number with the goal of getting you to return their call, causing you to incur expensive calling fees.

##**Online shopping scams**
**THE GOLDEN RULE OF ONLINE SHOPPING: If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.**

**Dropshipping**

An ad on reddit or social media sites like Facebook and Instagram offers items at huge discounts or even free (sometimes requiring you to reblog or like their page). They just ask you to pay shipping.
The scam: The item will turn out to be very low quality and will take weeks or even months to arrive. Sometimes the item never arrives, and the store disappears or stops responding. The seller drop-ships the item from China. The item may only cost a few dollars, and the Chinese government actually pays for the shipping. You end up paying $10-$15 dollars for a $4 item, with the scammer keeping the profit. If you find one of these scams but really have your heart set on the item, you can find it on AliExpress or another Chinese retailer.

**[Influencer scams](https://theuncorkedlibrarian.com/instagram-scams/)**

A user will reach out to you on a social media platform, usually Instagram, and offer you the chance to partner with them and receive a free/discounted product, as long as you pay shipping. This is a different version of the dropshipping scam, and is just a marketing technique to get you to buy their products.

**[Triangulation fraud](https://krebsonsecurity.com/2015/11/how-carders-can-use-ebay-as-a-virtual-atm/)**

Triangulation fraud occurs when you make a purchase on a site like Amazon or eBay for an item at a lower than market price, and receive an item that was clearly purchased new at full price. The scammer uses a stolen credit card to order your item, while the money from the listing is almost all profit for the scammer.

**Instagram influencer scams**

Someone will message you on Instagram asking you to promote their products, and offering you a discount code. The items are Chinese junk, and the offer is made to many people at a time.

**Cheap Items**

Many websites pop up and offer expensive products, including electronics, clothes, watches, sunglasses, and shoes at very low prices.
The scam: Some sites are selling cheap knock-offs. Some will just take your money and run.
What to do if you think you’re involved with this scam: Contact your bank or credit card and dispute the charge.
How to avoid: The sites often have every brand-name shoe or fashion item (Air Jordan, Yeezy, Gucci, etc) in stock and often at a discounted price. The site will claim to be an outlet for a major brand or even a specific line or item. The site will have images at the bottom claiming to be Secured by Norton or various official payment processors but not actual links. The site will have poor grammar and a mish-mash of categories. Recently, established websites will get hacked or their domain name jacked and turned into scam stores, meaning the domain name of the store will be completely unrelated to the items they’re selling. If the deal sounds too good to be true it probably is. Nobody is offering brand new iPhones or Beats or Nintendo Switches for 75% off.

**[Cheap Amazon 3rd Party Items](https://www.forbes.com/sites/wadeshepard/2017/01/02/amazon-scams-on-the-rise-in-2017-as-fraudulent-sellers-run-amok-and-profit-big/)**

You’re on Amazon or maybe just Googling for an item and you see it for an unbelievable price from a third-party seller. You know Amazon has your back so you order it.
The scam: One of three things usually happen:
1) The seller marks the items as shipped and sends a fake tracking number. Amazon releases the funds to the seller, and the seller disappears. Amazon ultimately refunds your money.
2) The seller immediately cancels the order and instructs you to re-order the item directly from their website, usually with the guarantee that the order is still protected by Amazon. The seller takes your money and runs. Amazon informs you that they do not offer protection on items sold outside of Amazon and cannot help you.
2) The seller immediately cancels the order and instructs you to instead send payment via an unused Amazon gift card by sending the code on the back via email. Once the seller uses the code, the money on the card is gone and cannot be refunded.
How to avoid: These scammers can be identified by looking at their Amazon storefronts. They’ll be brand new sellers offering a wide range of items at unbelievable prices. Usually their Amazon names will be gibberish, or a variation on FIRSTNAME.LASTNAME. Occasionally however, established storefronts will be hacked. If the deal is too good to be true its most likely a scam.

**Scams on eBay**

There are scams on eBay targeting both buyers and sellers. As a seller, you should look out for people who privately message you regarding the order, especially if they ask you to ship to a different address or ask to negotiate via text/email/a messaging service. As a buyer you should look out for new accounts selling in-demand items, established accounts selling in-demand items that they have no previous connection to (you can check their feedback history for a general idea of what they bought/sold in the past), and lookout for people who ask you to go off eBay and use another service to complete the transaction. In many cases you will receive a fake tracking number and your money will be help up for up to a month.

**Scams on Amazon**

There are scams on Amazon targeting both buyers and sellers. As a seller, you should look out for people who message you about a listing. As a buyer you should look out for listings that have an email address for you to contact the person to complete the transaction, and you should look out for cheap listings of in-demand items.

**Scams on Reddit**

Reddit accounts are frequently purchased and sold by fraudsters who wish to use the high karma count + the age of the account to scam people on buy/sell subreddits. You need to take precautions and be safe whenever you are making a transaction online.

**Computer scams**

**[Virus scam](http://www.kadansky.com/files/newsletters/2015/2015_08_31.html)**

A popup or other ad will say that you have a virus and you need to follow their advice in order to remove it. They are lying, and either want you to install malware or pay for their software.

##**Assorted scams**

**[Chinese Brushing / direct shipping](https://www.forbes.com/sites/wadeshepard/2017/11/27/americans-are-receiving-unordered-parcels-from-chinese-e-criminals-and-cant-do-anything-about-it/#16b4a3cf73da)**

If you have ever received an unsolicited small package from China, your address was used to [brush](https://www.wsj.com/articles/fake-orders-brush-up-online-sales-in-china-1425386416). Vendors place fake orders for their own products and send out the orders so that they can increase their ratings.

**[Money flipping](https://www.stopfraudcolorado.gov/fraud-center/digital-fraud/money-flipping-scams.html)**

Scammer claims to be a banking insider who can double/triple/bazoople any amount of money you send them, with no consequences of any kind. Obviously, the money disappears into their wallet the moment you send it.

##General resources##

Site to report scams in the United Kingdom: http://www.actionfraud.police.uk/

Site to report scams in the United States: https://www.ic3.gov/default.aspx

Site to report scams in Canada: www.antifraudcentre-centreantifraude.ca/reportincident-signalerincident/index-eng.htm

Site to report scams in Europe: https://www.europol.europa.eu/report-a-crime/report-cybercrime-online

FTC scam alerts: https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/scam-alerts

Microsoft’s anti-scam guide: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/safety/online-privacy/avoid-phone-scams.aspx

https://www.usa.gov/common-scams-frauds

https://www.usa.gov/scams-and-frauds

https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/features/scam-alerts

https://www.fbi.gov/scams-and-safety/common-fraud-schemes


The content was posted by EugeneBYMCMB on 2021-04-28 06:42:17 via reddit

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27 Comments

  1. I was just involved in the underage scam from a dating site. Should’ve researched before I picked up the phone. Thankfully I got mad and told them I had bills to pay when he asked for $$ to end the phone agreement and hung up. But still anxious as shit

  2. I’ve gotten phone calls identified by Caller ID as legitimate seeming companies, but either it’s dead silence (no call center noise) when I answer; or I don’t answer and wonder what the abbreviation in the Caller ID box means!

    I assume these are either scams or phishing expeditions, but don’t get the point! Why call from a bogus ID if all you’re going to do is listen to my TV?

    By the way, one call I answered seemed to be from my phone company, but after the recorded greeting in English, it morphed into Chinese. New incarnation of the Chinese cold call.

  3. I wrote this piece that was mainly about sugar scams, but I think it has useful bullet points about a lot of popular scams at present 🙂

    I don’t know who needs to hear this, but beware of ‘sugar scam’ no real sugar daddy will ask you to send money to receive money

    Things to watch out for

    1: Is your supposed sugar daddy far to eager to have you as his sugar baby without really getting to know you?

    2: Do they need you to send them cash first before they will spoil you?

    3: after they have transferred you money do they then need you to transfer some elsewhere (beware of this as their original payment to you WILL bounce)

    4: does their name and location seem to not match what they are telling you?

    5: check their other pictures if on social media

    6: google their name and any info they give you

    8: do not give them personal info about yourself

    9: do not give out bank details or copies of your ID

    10: use tineye or reverse google images to check their photos

    11: If something feels too good to be true it often is

    12: If you have been caught up in one of these scams do not feel silly, as many have just be aware of what to look out for and trust your own inner judgement

    13: these sort of scams seem to be the new Nigerian Prince scams, or the scam that you have coming into a fortune, but in both case a small fee needs to be paid first

  4. I work at a prominent coffee chain. We’ve had people (or maybe one guy I’m not sure – it’s never me in the window), pay for orders they didn’t pay for the day before. Sometimes they use cash, sometimes a card. I’ve worked here for three years and I’ve NEVER experienced so many kind-hearted folks, and now this is happening constantly. It sounds VERY scammy to me. I could be wrong, but ya know, I might not be. Has anyone hear of this?

  5. Just this week I was nearly into two scams, the sugar mommy scam and the camgirl scam, hopefully I realized that on time and blocked and reported the accounts…

  6. How do I alert people to a scam number if I can’t share the number? Is there a different sub for that?
    Seriously…I even posted asking this and it was removed for “personal information” when I only asked how I can share the scam number if I can’t share number?

  7. Alright, so I’m broke and I got a message from some random person on Instagram. I usually get a lot of them and play along until they ask for my bank info, then roast them. Today however , I was broke and not in a good mood and I said ‘screw it, I literally have $3’ and sent it. They sent a deposit and my bank said $225 of the $922 was available and I was confused. They then asked for the $225 and since it wouldn’t have changed what was actually in my bank account, I sent it. Now they want me to send the rest between Monday and Tuesday night around midnight when the rest clears, and I’m mentally slapping myself bc even tho it appeared in my bank I don’t think it was real. Any advice?

  8. I got scammed recently, and now am receiving texts from a legit law office asking for reviews. Also these texts contain a name different than mine. Seems pretty weird, and seeing if anyone had any advice?

  9. A great set! I think you should drop a link to this thread to all your relatives and acquaintances who are not the most confident computer users.

  10. I constantly get people to scam me for a puppy!
    He said where are you located, had he read my profile he would know!
    So I said Nigeria😂

  11. Second scammer today? They call, then hang up? Tell me they have a puppy for sale?
    Send a photo, don’t reply to my texts?
    Be aware, this was on NEXTDOOR , where I least expected it?

  12. I get them frequently but actually JUST got one 20 minutes ago, yet another student loan forgiveness call…. I never actually answer but they always leave me a voice-mail droning on about student loan forgiveness and how I’m pre-approved….

    The thing is… I took a gap year after high school then joined the military, I never did go to college and most certainly never took out any student loans… or ANY loans of any kind ever…. so I do find it amusing how hard they keep trying to ‘help me pay off a debt’ I’ve literally never had to begin with.

  13. I play Words With Friends and at least once a week I get someone who immediately tries to get me to chat on hangouts or WhatsApp. I string them along until they figure out that I’m fucking with them but I can’t for the life of me grasp what the endgame is with them. Anyone know what the deal is?

  14. I think “Amazon fraud call scam” should be added to the list (if it doesn’t fit in any of the already stated scam categories). The caller claims to be tech support from Amazon claiming that someone attempted to make a fraudulent purchase under your Amazon account and mentions that the only way to prevent it from happening again is to either install software for security purposes and/or spend a considerably large amount of money (i.e. at least $1K) at the store that the crime happened to track down the “perpetrator.”

  15. the white van scam tried to happen to me a few years ago… in a parking lot of a Walmart in Queens, New York.

    exactly as described. who’s buying surround sound in a Walmart parking lot?

  16. For people in the USA. If you get a call from an unknown number and it has the same first six digits (eg: your number is 123-456-7890 and you get a call from 123-456-4321) it’s likely a scam of some sort.

  17. Rental apartment/house scam – a usually too good to be true apartment or house appears for rent on craigslist or other rental site using photos stolen from real listing. the owner or agent will have some story about why they cant show you the property (missionary, traveling, tenants still living there etc.) but will say you can drive by and check it out. Will send legitimate lease and require down payment. Will dissappear with your money, you’ll find only find out on move in day

  18. Also add CRA scam, which is similar to SSA and IRS scams but this is the Canadian variant of the latter scams. Also the HRMC scams are a UK variant where they claim the number is blocked and will ask for money, most likely in gift cards and bitcoins. You also have the RCMP scam which is very very rare but has been reported before. They get taken down quickly.

    Roku scam
    There was also the Roku scam which was notorious for a few months then disappeared. Here they’d call you/leave a fake sticker with a number to call but actually goes to the scam call center and not Roku support to activate your Roku set-up but it’s only stealing your money in the name of a blocked activation.

    If you are in India keep an eye out for the KYC scam and the premium number scams.

    KYC SCAM
    In case of KYC, they’ll call you and tell you your number is blocked due to unavailability of KYC to steal your personal info which they might use for other scams or identity theft. Note that actual providers will never call you regarding this and some telephone service providers don’t ask for a KYC.

    QR code scam
    You’ll be asked to verify a QR code and doing so could rob you off your money from your bank account. Keep an eye out for random messages asking you to verify through QR codes. Do not verify random QR codes unless you actually are making a transaction.

    Facebook scams
    Just a variant of the forex/investment scams, but you are spoken to by a scammer from a compromised facebook friend account /random/impersonating account which has similar info as an original account in your friends list.

    Crypto scams
    Fake website scam
    Crypto forecasting scam

    Phishing scam
    This kind of crypto scam is very very rampant on discord where the targets are usually members of crypto servers. Discord is a safe haven for crypto scammers just as telegram is a hotspot for anti-social elements and illegal drug dealers linked to the underground and the deep dark web.

    Exit scams** (biggest and worst of all)
    They’ll promote some crypto and then the price rises annd rises while you are encouraged to keep and keep buying until the developer exits the crypto market suddenly with a mind-boggling amount of investor money. The most recent and well known was the Stoinkies crypto exit scam(personally had some of it but through free giveaway)

    Advance fee type scam where they ask you to pay upfront to redeem non-existent/fake crypto in your fake wallet on some sketchy website. Same as the fake crypto website scam.

    Hope this helps 👍👍

  19. Have you heard of romance scams where someone who is a famous social media person claims to love you and wants to be with you but then asks you if you can help with an inheritance claim and also invested in a gold business years ago but need your help to claim it.

  20. Cryptocurrency scams are becoming more common and sophisticated.
    Fake exchanges, giveaways and more.

  21. Can anybody tell me the trick in getting remote access to a scammers pc after giving them your partner id?? Nobody seems to know

  22. Does anyone know how I can be cleared by chex systems? I wish I would have seen this a few months earlier, I had literally no money to lose and thought that even if it did turn out to be a scam, I couldnt get scammed because I wasnt paying anything. I didnt lose any money but I cant open a bank account fornthe next 5 years as of right now.

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